The India Series #14: Haryana

Featured Image: Mansa Devi Temple, Panchkula, Source: Places to visit near Chandigarh

Well it has been a very long gap now, and I would like to apologise for that. I was struggling with motivation for writing my next article, but never completely lost it. So here I am again. Hope you have the same renewed enthusiasm in reading the India series as I have right now in writing it.


 

Last time we were at Gujarat, and now we want to move North again, and visit State #8: Haryana. As mentioned in the article about Chandigarh, it is the capital of both Punjab and Haryana. Haryana came into existence in 1966, before which it used to be a part of East Punjab. The official languages are Hindi and Punjabi, although the spoken language is Haryanvi, which is also often considered as the northernmost dialect of Hindi.

hrySource: Government of Haryana

 

CULTURE:

  • A large majority of the people are Hindus, and the Jats are the dominant community living here.
  • Haryana has a rich heritage of classical and folk music. Different types of musical instruments like the Dholak, Matka, the Harmonium, Damru and Shehnai, Manjira and Nagara, along with the Khanjri, Sarangi, Tasha and Ghunguru, etc. are played during the singing and dancing festivals.

Have a look at this very colourful folk dance:

  • Various handicrafts from this state are well-known, which include pottery, handloom and textiles.

handicraft-hariyanaSource: Handicrafts India

  • There are many big and vibrant festivals, for example, Surajkund International Festival, Pinjore Heritage Festival, Baisakhi Mela and Mango Mela.

surajkund-featured-imageSurjakund International Crafts Mela, Source: Coz Life’s Good

  • Kurukshetra in Haryana is a district of importance from mythological and religious perspective, because the battle of the greatest Hindu epic Mahabharata was believed to have been held here.

CUISINE:

  • Haryana is wealthy in terms of cattle, and thus sees abundance of dairy and milk products in daily cuisine.
  • Roti or chapati is the main staple food, and can be made from wheat or bajra (pearl millet).

bajre-ki-rotiBajre ki Roti, Source: Sunayana Gupta

  • Few of the lip-smacking dishes are Kair Sangri ki Sabzi, Kachri ki Sabzi, Hara Dhaniya Choliya, Kadhi Pakoda, Methi Gaajar and Bajra Khichdi.

pindi-chana-recipe_20170819181108Hara Dhaniya Choliya, Source: Holidify

  • Some of the most-loved desserts and sweet dishes are Malpua, Bathua Raita and Alsi ki Pinni.

2016-1image-16-18-182517375alsi-pinni-ihealthu-ll-810Alsi ki Pinni, Source: Dishes Guru

Browse through a longer list of 17 dishes of Haryana on Holidify.

 

TRADITIONAL ATTIRE:

  • For women, wearing ghagra with odhni is very common.

daman-kurti-chunder-womene28099s-dress-in-haryanaSource: India the Destiny

  • Men wear dhoti-kurta and sometimes adorn their head with a pagdi.
  • Some of the usual jewellery are Kathla (a neckpiece), Nath (a kind of nosering) and Hansil worn by older women.

kanganaranautasbrideintanuwedsmanureturnsA Haryanvi-style wedding lehenga worn by Kangana Ranaut in the movie Tanu Weds Manu, Source: Strand of Silk

FAMOUS PERSONALITIES:

  • Manushi Chhillar: Crowned Miss World 2017

china-miss-world_a9284ad0-cc71-11e7-869c-1f24c33974c8Manushi Chhillar, Source: Hindustan Times

  • Arvind Kejriwal: Present Chief Minister of Delhi
  • Kalpana Chawla: First woman of Indian origin in space

literally-a-starKalpana Chawla, Source: The Economic Times

  • Sushma Swaraj: Current Minister of External Affairs
  • Vijender Singh: Professional boxer who won the bronze at 2008 Beijing Olympics

imgvijender-singhVijender Singh (right) in May 2016, Source: International Business Times

  • Santosh Yadav: First woman in the world to climb the Mount Everest twice, also in the same year
  • Yogeshwar Dutt: Freestyle wrestler who won the bronze in 60 kg category at 2012 London Olympics

01_yogeshwar-duttYogeshwar Dutt (right) at the Asian Games 2014, Source: First Post

  • Sakshi Malik: First Indian woman wrestler to win a (bronze) medal in the Olympics, in the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympics

sakshi-malik-india-rio-olympicsSakshi Malik after her win at the Olympics, Source: Time

  • Geeta Phogat: Freestyle wrestler who won India’s first ever gold medal in wrestling at the Commonwealth Games in 2010

Watch the trailer of Bollywood movie Dangal, based on the life of the Phogats:

INTERESTING FACTS:

  • Haryana is the first Indian state to have achieved full rural electrification, way back in 1971.
  • Haryana is one of the most economically developed regions in South Asia.
  • Historic battles like those of Panipat and Kurukshetra were fought here.

third-battle-of-panipatA painting depicting the third battle of Panipat, Source: Panipat Online

  • Haryana is the largest exporter of Basmati rice.
  • In the 2010 Commonwealth Games, 22 out of 38 of India’s Gold Medals were wonby athletes from Haryana.
  • India’s first live entertainment, theatre and leisure destination Kingdom of Dreams is in Gurgaon, Haryana.

13-nautankiKingdom of Dreams, Source: Native Planet

  • Asia’s biggest cactus garden is at Panchkula with over 3000 varieties of cacti.

cactus-garden1Sarkaria Cactus Garden, Source: Apni Tricity

  • The Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary has an area of 145 hectares and has over 250 resident and migratory bird species.

695228424gurgaon_sultanpur_bird_sanctuary_mainSultanpur Bird Sanctuary, Source: Trawell

 

Spend three minutes watching this cool drone video of Rohtak:


 

Next stop: Himachal Pradesh

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